Diana Fosha, AEDP has roots in attachment theory, affective neuroscience, body-focused approaches, and transformational studies.
Ask one group to work on encouraging and the other on discouraging situations. Each group member should try to think of at least one situation. Jog their memory by giving them some examples child wanting to play with bigger children, certain school situations, situations in the family, situations at work, discussions on topics where they felt they were expert or were not informed.
Encourage them to share some of these stories amongst each others within their respective group. Attitudes and behaviour conducive to participatory processes Prepare a presentation on positive attitudes and behaviours for participatory processes see below.
Participatory Attitudes and Behaviour Generally speaking, participation is a collective action aimed at achieving a common objective- it means "taking part" and "getting involved". The main task of the facilitator is therefore to encourage, prepare and involve people in a process or activity.
In a participatory process, persons or groups share knowledge, ideas, opinions, votes, materials, resources, labour, finances in order to reach a common agreement or to make joint decisions in a transparent way.
There are different levels of participation see session 3, Typology of Participationranging from passive participation where people are involved merely by providing information to others or by being told what is going to happen to active participation and self-mobilisation where people take initiatives independently.
Empowerment describes a progressive process of participation that enables local groups to take initiative and work actively in the interest of the community. This goes far beyond simply widening access to decision making. It implies making people understand the reality of their situation, reflect on the factors that influence the situation, and - most critically - take steps to effect changes to improve it.
When applying or implementing participatory approaches, it is important to know how a particular technique is applied. But it is also important to understand the key principles that lie behind the technique see session 4 Key principles and which attitudes and behaviours are fundamental to a participatory process.
The following list identifies a number of attitudes which are particularly conducive to participatory processes. This leads them to different conclusions and actions see Session 4 Key principle "Multiple Perspective".
This suggests that everywhere there exists multiple descriptions and interpretations of real world phenomena, events and actions. Accepting this phenomenon leads to a fundamental understanding for all participatory processes.
Everyone perceives different realities and therefore offers important contributions to a process. The different views of people can complement each other. Where everybody thinks the same, there is not much thinking!!! This is preferable to the more common teaching or preaching attitude which suggests the feeling of "knowing it better".
This "learning attitude" can be enhanced by acknowledging and respecting the opinion and experience of others. This requires recognising local expertise and the special knowledge they have of their own living conditions.
Thus the role of a facilitator is to enhance the involvement of all interested parties in all processes such as investigations, analyses and evaluations of problems, constraints and opportunities, and the taking of informed and timely decisions.
Transparency Participatory decision-making requires readiness from all sides to reach a "win-win" compromise. An atmosphere of mutual trust is the basis for compromise. Constructive co-operation and transparency by all stakeholders is a basic requirement.
Transparency will avoid hidden agendas and suspicion amongst different parties and thus prevent situations in which all parties try to protect their own interests rather than finding the most suitable compromise.Earlychildhood NEWS is the online resource for teachers and parents of young children, infants to age 8.
You will find articles about developmentally appropriate practice, child health, safety and behavior as well as links to teacher resources and networking opportunities.
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