The topics for this year: What can science do to help South Africa preserve and maximise its water resources? The winning schools will be contacted individually shortly. To all participants — many thanks to you for supporting this Competition, we do hope that it has been of benefit beyond the prizes.
How to Prevent Obesity Obesity is a chronic disease affecting more and more children, adolescents and adults: Obesity rates among children in the U. The longer a person is obese, the more significant obesity-related risk factors become.
Given the chronic diseases and conditions associated with obesity, and the fact that obesity is difficult to treat, prevention is extremely important. A primary reason that prevention of obesity is so vital in children is because the likelihood of obese becoming obese adults is thought to increase from about 20 percent at four years of age to 80 percent by adolescence.
Preventing Obesity in Infants The longer babies are breastfed, the less likely they are to become overweight as they grow older.
Breastfed babies are 15 to 25 percent less likely to become overweight. For those who are breastfed for six months or longer, the likelihood is 20 to 40 percent less. There are a number of steps you can take to help prevent overweight and obesity during childhood and adolescence.
Gradually work to change family eating habits and activity levels rather than focusing on weight.
Change the habits and the weight will take care of itself. Be a role model. Parents who eat healthy foods and are physically activity set an example that increases the likelihood their children will do the same. Children should have an hour of moderate physical activity most days of the week.
More than an hour of activity may promote weight loss and subsequent maintenance. Reduce time in front of the TV and computer to less than two hours a day. Encourage children to eat only when hungry, and to eat slowly.
Avoid using food as a reward or withholding food as a punishment. Keep the refrigerator stocked with fat-free or low-fat milk and fresh fruit and vegetables instead of soft drinks and snacks high in sugar and fat.
Serve at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily. Encourage children to drink water rather than beverages with added sugar, such as soft drinks, sports drinks and fruit juice drinks.
Preventing Obesity in Adults Many of the strategies that produce successful weight loss and maintenance will help prevent obesity. Improving your eating habits and increasing physical activity play a vital role in preventing obesity.
Things you can do include: Eat five to six servings of fruits and vegetables daily.What You'll Find in this Article: 1. Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic. 2. Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of food and health, obesity and dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and science and technology, with videos and many links to research and student essay examples.
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