Short essay communism

Despite the differing ideologies of capitalism and communism, both have affected the political, cultural, and economic development of Third World countries. Marx What Karl Marx had set out in his Communist Manifesto as guide lines for the governing of a state was proved to work to the contrary of its good intentions when applied in Russia. Fredrick Engel's believed that a proletarian could only be liberated by abolishing competition, private property, and all class differences, and replacing it with association. Which, may lend reason to, why and what each of these countries chose to memorialize from their past.

Short essay communism

It promises efficient production and equitable distribution, ensuring economic self-sufficiency to all, and a feeling of fraternity between man and man. The political philosophy of communism was developed by Karl Marx, in collaboration with his friend, Frederick Engels.

Marxian communism was further developed by V. Lenin, the founder of the communist regime in Russia. Lenin put into operation the fundamental principles of Marxian communism and thereby demonstrated that the socialist idea is not a Utopian theory but is politically practicable and realisable.

Marx is the founder, Engles the architect and Lenin is the builder of communism through revolution. Communism is the extreme and violent form of revolutionary socialism. For a proper understanding of the communist doctrine, Short essay communism is necessary to grasp the basic principles of Marxian doctrine which are — 1 materialistic conception and interpretation of history; 2 the labour theory of surplus value Short essay communism the law of concentration of capital; and 4 class war.

Marx interpreted all historical movements in terms of the material conditions of life. The appropriation of land and other means of production for private use and profit has all through history divided society sharply into two hostile; lasses.

Just as in the past the interests of the serf or landless slave peasant were opposed to those of his feudal lord, so also in the present industrial age, the interests of the capitalist class and those of the factory workers are opposed to each other.

This provides thesis and anti-thesis. The propertied class with all the means of production at their command, buys the services of the penniless working class which depends for its livelihood upon its sale of labour power.

Labour, according to Marx, is the sole generator of value and what is called profit accrues to the capitalist employer simply by the process of depriving and exploiting labourers of the full value of their labour. The result is that the profit of capitalist owner increases while the condition of the workers deteriorates proportionately.

It is like the generation of positive and negative energy in the dynamo at two ends at the same time. The history of mankind is the history of this deprivation. At one stage, things become unbearable and the system bursts. In fact, in Nature it has been found that after the process of evolution there comes a stage when the tegument of the tree bursts; this follows leap or jump, like water becoming steam at degree heat a qualitative change.

This is known as Dialectical Materialism that advocates complete change at times. But the capitalistic system of production, according to Marx, carries, embedded in itself, its own seed or destruction. The growth of large-scale production leads to the extinction of small-scale producers who, unable to compete with their large-scale rivals, are ultimately driven to swell the rank of ordinary workers.

The independent artisan becomes a wage earner, and the number of disgruntled proletariat increases. This is how trade Unions originate and acquire power. At the same time, by keeping down wages, the capitalists unconsciously cause a shrinkage of their home-market and they have to finance and organise their sale of goods in foreign markets.

The constant endeavour of the capitalist class to keep down wages arouses workers to organised resistance. There also starts infighting among the capitalists for class of individual interests. This is known as the inner class contradiction among the bourgeoisie.

'Communism' has been far more influential a force of late, than any other politico-economic doctrine which has moved humanity in the quest of a new social order. It promises efficient production and equitable distribution, ensuring economic self-sufficiency to all, and a . Communism is an ideological and a social political movement. Its aim is to set up a communist society. Its aim is to set up a communist society. This society would be based on the common ownership of the means of production and would have lack social classes, money, [1] [2] and a state. To arrive at the edge of the world's knowledge, seek out the most complex and sophisticated minds, put them in a room together, and have them ask each other the questions they are asking themselves.

This ultimately may explode in the form of on open revolution to overthrow the capitalist order and seize the machinery of the State. This will be immediately followed by the expropriation of the means of production by the proletariat from private hands.

The Communists then hold power. The consummation of a proletarian revolution results in the abolition of classes and all forms of exploitation of man-by-man. Then follows a period of Dictatorship of the Proletariat, as a prelude to the establishment of a classless society.

In the former Soviet Union this dictatorship of the proletariat regime, through military help, continued for more than 75 years before it broke down after the operation of perestoika and glassnost of Gorbachov.

Closely following Marx, Lenin, the maker of modern Russia, states that the attainment of full communism involves two stages, viz, 1 the Revolutionary stage 2 the post-Revolutionary stage. The first phase of the Revolution is characterised by the forcible capture of political power by the proletariat, and its subsequent employment to squeeze out from society the last remnants of capitalism.

At this stage, the State assumes the character of a class-state; the proletariat adopts a policy, of gradual extension of public ownership by confiscating and appropriating private ownership. Everybody is to work according to his ability and everybody gets back according to his work and finally according to his need.Anarcho-communism (also known as anarchist communism, free communism, libertarian communism and communist anarchism) is a theory of anarchism which advocates the abolition of the state, capitalism, wage labour and private property (while retaining respect for personal property) in favor of common ownership of the means of production, direct democracy and a horizontal network of .

Cafe Europa: Life After Communism [Slavenka Drakulic] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Today in Eastern Europe the architectural work of revolution is complete: the old order has been replaced by various forms of free market economy and de jure democracy.

But as Slavenka Drakulic observes.

Short essay communism

Communism in China - Communism is a system of government, a political ideology that rejects private ownership and promotes a classless, stateless society based on common ownership of all property and the means of production, where by all work is shared and all proceeds are commonly owned.

Communism had one of the greatest political impacts than any other political ideas in the 20th century around the world. What is important and interesting about communism is its background, concept, and why many countries apply to this idea. This essay will generally focus on the background.

Communism had one of the greatest political impacts than any other political ideas in the 20th century around the world. What is important and interesting about communism is its background, concept, and why many countries apply to this idea. This essay will generally focus on the background.

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