William Wallace a Hero or Terrorist Braveheart: A Scottish man named William Wallace arose and erected a guerrilla Para-militia to resist the rule of the English. He was then executed by being hanged, drowned and severed into four parts in London in Ever since then, he has become a Martyr and a symbol for Scotland and their freedom.
The conceptual issue The history of terrorism is probably coextensive with the history of political violence. Its use has repeatedly shifted in some significant respects. Moreover, in contemporary political discourse the word is often employed as a polemical term whose strong emotional charge occludes its somewhat vague descriptive meaning.
All this tends to get in the way of sustained rational discussion of the nature and moral standing of terrorism and the best ways of coping with it. Its ultimate aim was the reshaping of both society and human nature.
That was to be achieved by destroying the old regime, suppressing all enemies of the revolutionary government, and inculcating and enforcing civic virtue.
A central role in attaining these objectives was accorded to revolutionary tribunals which had wide authority, were constrained by very few rules of procedure, and saw their task as carrying out revolutionary policy rather than meting out legal justice of the more conventional sort.
The standard punishment was death. Trials and executions were meant to strike terror in the hearts of all who lacked civic virtue; the Jacobins believed that was a necessary means of consolidating the new regime.
This necessity provided both the rationale of the reign of terror and its moral justification.
Accordingly, the Jacobins applied the term to their own actions and policies quite unabashedly, without any negative connotations. Critics of the excesses of the French Revolution had watched its reign with horror from the start. Terrorism came to be associated with drastic abuse of power and related to the notion of tyranny as rule based on fear, a recurring theme in political philosophy.
In the second half of the 19th century, there was a shift in both descriptive and evaluative meaning of the term. Disillusioned with other methods of political struggle, some anarchist and other revolutionary organizations, and subsequently some nationalist groups too, took to political violence.
They had come to the conclusion that words were not enough, and what was called for were deeds: Their violence steered clear of other, uninvolved or insufficiently involved persons. The perpetrators and some of those sympathetic to their cause claimed those acts were nevertheless morally legitimate, whether as retribution exacted on the assumption that no member of the ruling class was innocent or as a means necessary for the overthrow of the unjust order.
When used by others, it conveyed a strong condemnation of the practice. The government set up in Russia by the victorious Bolsheviks was totalitarian.
So was the Nazi rule in Germany. Both sought to impose total political control on society. Such a radical aim could only be pursued by a similarly radical method:Freedom fighter is a positive term - this means that he or she calls a person "freedom fighter" only if he or she supports the goals of the freedom fighter.
If people do not support his goals, they probably use more negative terms like insurgent, terrorist, rebel or criminal. Some may view him as a hero and a freedom fighter. In the eyes of others, he is simply just a terrorist.
The tactics employed by Wallace were similar to what you could call ‘Terrorist Tactics’ today. International Law Essay. Indisputably, terrorism is a threat to world peace.
As it thrives in a world of ours where violation of human rights, ethnic and religious discrimination, rising violence and socio-economic marginalization are very much in practice, it has succeeded in disregarding value of human lives, increase violence and conflicts and pose a serious threat to freedom and peace in.
One can be a terrorist and a freedom fighter; terrorism is not the monopoly of enemies of freedom. They help distinguish terrorism from acts of war proper and political assassination, which do not target non-combatants or common citizens.
Humanism and Terror: An Essay on the Communist Problem, trans. John O’Neill, Boston: Beacon Press. Search Results for 'osama bin laden from freedom fighter' Carmen Bin Ladin wrote the book “Inside the Kingdom” to inform the public of how she became involved with the Bin Ladin family.
Terrorist or freedom fighter. Terrorism is becoming more and more frequent in the world today. Attacks on countries are increasing every year. Nations around the world impose new bills and laws on a weekly basis trying to prevent terrorist attacks on there countries.4/5(2).