This page deals with the civilization of Classical Greece. Other pages deal with the Minoan civilization which preceded it, and with the Hellenistic civilization which followed it. Overview and Timeline The civilization of Ancient Greece emerged into the light of world history in the 8th century BC.
Since centuries B. In the middle of 8 century B.
At the end of 8 century B. Colonization of the Black Sea took place in western and eastern directions. This was stipulated by existance of three cyclon currents here, formed on the basis of river run-off and direction of dominating winds, in its turn defined by the peculiarities of the mountain relief framing the Black Sea.
The peculiarity of hydrology and wind mode was sharply demonstrated in antique epoch, when the sea level was m below modern, and climate was more humid. It is said that ancient seafarers were engaged mainly in coastal sailing Odyssey. However the analysis of paleohydrology and paleoclimate of the Black Sea as well as the nature of known to us business relations of the cities of the Black Sea Peripl Arrianna and calculations of the time of findingsshowed that they sailed in the open sea as well.
The most suitable route for sail to northwest and north coasts of Pontus was the route through the centre of west ring of currents or its east arc allowing to reach ports of north Pontus in a short period of time 1,5- 2.
The most suitable route for sail towards Kolkhida coasts was the route along the south coast which took approximately the same time.
But the purpose of our research was not only these migration processes. What were the ecological results brought about by the colonization?
Homer According to the information comprised in Illyada, ships were forwarded to the fortifications of Troja from the Greek towns. The list of towns and amount of ships sent by them to the Trojan war is given below.As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from kaja-net.com The Greeks also colonised modern-day Crimea in the Black Sea. The settlements they established there included the city of Chersonesos, at the site of modern-day Sevastopol.
 Another area with significant Greek colonies was the coast of ancient Illyria on the Adriatic Sea (e.g. the ancient "Aspalathos", modern-day Split, Croatia).
The Black Sea. The Black Sea (Euxine Sea to the Greeks) was the last area of Greek colonial expansion, and it was where Ionian poleis, in particular, sought to exploit the rich fishing grounds and fertile land around the Hellespont and Pontos.
The most important founding city was Miletos which was credited in antiquity with having a perhaps . Beginning around BC (BCE), following several centuries of sporadic contact with Sicily's smaller islands and coastal areas, the Greeks began what is now considered the first mass colonization of Sicily and southern peninsular Italy.
By the end of the 15th century, the Ottoman Empire was in extent much like Romania of the Macedonian Emperors had been in the midth century, with, of course, now the same capital, Constantinople.. Much that seems characteristic of Islam today, like the domed mosque and perhaps even the symbol of the Crescent, are due to Byzantine influence by way of the Ottomans.
For the Greeks, this is called “Hellenization”. The Greeks mainly focused their colonization efforts on Italy and the Black Sea. Especially Sicily was a major Greek colony, with the bustling trade port Syracus at its center.